Chovot Halevavot was written by Bachya ben Joseph ibn Paquda Not much is known about Ibn Paquda other than that he was a well-regarded. Bachya ben Yosef ibn Paquda (Chovot Halevavot): eleventh century sage and writer on Jewish thought (); his most acclaimed work is Chovat. My intention in this article is to neither promote nor denigrate Sufism. It is simply to share the fascinating story behind a book, Chovot haLevavot.

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Yaakov Yosef explains that the first struggle is a physical one with weapons and war, while the second struggle involves the struggle of the evil inclination. Specifically, Amalek is despair. Rabbeinu Bachya thinks that Iyov is an example for all of us and we should be able to be as loyal as him. Rabbeinu Bachya answered his own question by saying that love for Hashem can hzlevavot expressed three ways: Phrases like”Oh my God! Product details Leather Bound Publisher: The Gate of Serving God 4.

True joy demands that the person detach himself from his halevavott and realize that noting is real except for God.

Chovot HaLevavot – Wikipedia

Learn more about Amazon Prime. According to Bahya, the object of religious practise is the exercise of self-control, the curbing of passion, and the placing at the service of the Most High of all personal possessions and of all the organs of life. Newer Post Older Post Home. Be the first to review this item Would you like to tell us about a lower price? Yet only God, whose wisdom and goodness comprise all times and all circumstances, can be implicitly confided in; for God provides for all His creatures out of true love, and with the full knowledge of what is good for each.


Thus one who looks for G-d may have been called a Tzufi or Sufi. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. There is another tendency to despise the world of the senses altogether, and to devote oneself only to the life of the halevsvot.

Instead of losing hope they accepted Esther’s call for a three-day public fast and returned to Hashem. Share your thoughts with other customers.

In this view, such understanding necessarily leads man to the worship of God, to which the third section, “Sha’ar Avodat Elohim” Gate of Divine Worshipis devoted. As I mentioned it is striking that Rabbeinu Bachya brings up the subject of Divine reward here and it represents I think the seriousness with which he views this idea.

Nevertheless, it is true that historically a great society of what is called Judeo-Arabic culture existed. Dr Henry Abramson [12] points to a fascinating example of Rabeinu Bachya incorporating, literally verbatim, a Sufi teaching from a century and a half before Chovot haLevavot was written: The Gate of Humility 7. Bahya held that man should think about his own wondrous formation in order to recognize the wisdom of his Maker.

Nasser’s Egypt was Amalek. At first, says Bahya, the seducer will cast into man’s heart doubt concerning immortality, to offer a welcome excuse for sensualism; and, should he fail, he will awaken doubt concerning God and divine worship or revelation.

They involve themselves in those activities out of a sense of necessity and not of enjoyment. The Duties of the Heart is divided into ten sections termed “gates” Hebrew: Thanks to everyone who attended the shiur. Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Jewish Encyclopedia Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Jewish Encyclopedia without a Wikisource reference Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Jewish Encyclopedia Articles containing Hebrew-language choot Articles containing Arabic-language text.

Bahya is not so one-sided as to recommend the practise of the recluse, who has at heart only the welfare of his own soul. Rabbeinu Bachya writes that anyone whose love for God is based either on hope for a reward or fear of punishment will be aided by Hashem to achieve perfect love of Him.


It would be wrong to make a sudden, drastic change in one’s habits in order to reach the love of God. A man may be as holy as an angel, yet he will not equal in merit the one that leads his fellow-men to righteousness and to love of God.

However they view those tasks as they do bitter-tasting chovott.

After surviving the war in which he fought along with Ahab who was killed in battle Yehoshafat was told this message:. In the Torah the holidays are linked to the agricultural cycle and for that reason the holiday of Sukkot chvoot the most joyous of the holidays since it is the holiday of the harvest season.

** Chovos HaLevavos – Duties of the Heart **

True repentance shows itself in awe of God’s justice, in contrition of soul, in tears in outward signs of grief — such as moderation of sensual enjoyment and display, and foregoing pleasures otherwise legitimate — and in a humble, prayerful spirit and an earnest contemplation of the soul’s future. The next “gate”, entitled Cjovot Heshbon HaNefeshGate of Self-Examinationcontains an exhortation to take as serious view as possible of life, its obligations and opportunities for the soul’s perfection, in order halevafot attain to a state of purity in which chovoy unfolded the higher faculty of the soul, which beholds the deeper mysteries of God, the sublime wisdom and beauty of a higher world inaccessible to other men.

This group’s members did not observe Shabbat.